Ethiopia’s prime minister has stated his nation “will not cave in to aggressions of any kind” after President Donald Trump advised Egypt may destroy a controversial Nile dam.
The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam is on the centre of a long-running dispute involving Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan.
Mr Trump stated Egypt wouldn’t be capable to stay with the dam and may “blow up” the development.
Ethiopia sees the US as siding with Egypt within the dispute.
The US introduced in September that it will lower some support to Ethiopia after it started filling the reservoir behind the dam in July.
Why is the dam disputed?
Egypt depends for the majority of its water wants on the Nile and is worried provides may very well be lower off and its economic system undermined as Ethiopia takes management of the stream of Africa’s longest river.
Once full, the $4bn (£3bn) construction on the Blue Nile in western Ethiopia will probably be Africa’s largest hydro-electric undertaking.
The pace with which Ethiopia fills up the dam will govern how severely Egypt is affected – the slower the higher so far as Cairo is worried. That course of is anticipated to take a number of years.
Who owns the River Nile – and why it issues
- Egypt fumes as Ethiopia celebrates over Nile dam
- How the Nile’s mega dam will probably be crammed
Sudan, additional upstream than Egypt, can also be involved about water shortages.
Ethiopia, which introduced the beginning of development in 2011, says it wants the dam for its financial improvement.
Negotiations between the three international locations have been being chaired by the US, however at the moment are overseen by the African Union.
What did the Ethiopian PM say?
PM Abiy Ahmed didn’t handle Mr Trump’s remarks straight, however there seems to be little doubt what prompted his strong feedback.
Ethiopians would end the dam, he vowed.
“Ethiopia will not cave in to aggression of any kind,” he stated. “Ethiopians have never kneeled to obey their enemies, but to respect their friends. We won’t do it today and in the future.”
Threats of any variety over the problem have been “misguided, unproductive and clear violations of international law”.
Why did Trump get entangled?
The president was on the telephone to Sudan’s Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok and Israel’s PM Benjamin Netanyahu in entrance of reporters on the White House on Friday.
The event was Israel and Sudan’s choice to agree diplomatic relations in a transfer choreographed by the US.
The topic of the dam got here up and Mr Trump and Mr Hamdok expressed hopes for a peaceable decision to the dispute.
But Mr Trump additionally stated “it’s a very dangerous situation because Egypt is not going to be able to live that way”.
He continued: “And I said it and I say it loud and clear – they’ll blow up that dam. And they have to do something.”
What is the state of the negotiations?
Mr Abiy maintains that the negotiations have made extra progress because the African Union started mediation.
But there are fears that Ethiopia’s choice to start out filling the reservoir may overshadow hopes of resolving key areas, such what occurs throughout a drought and how one can resolve future disputes.